Addressing the Challenges of Autism: Research Findings and
about major research points. Use these highlights to improve your
the severity and expression of their symptoms vary widely, most
individuals with autism have trouble in areas of social skills,
communication, behavior management, and attention management.
is not specific to any race, gender, or region of the world. Therefore,
it is important to consider the cultural background of each student
before choosing an educational approach.
with autism have difficulty learning by traditional methods because
they struggle to communicate and think abstractly. Students with
autism typically perform well on educational activities that are
oriented toward spatial and motor functions.
models of intervention vary widely in theory and practice, research
shows that successful programs frequently incorporate a combination
of the following characteristics:
diagnosis (before age 5) and intervention
that focuses on enhancing communication and social skills
for children to practice these skills in authentic settings
structure and routine to encourage educational and behavioral
of the sensory needs of each child
as members of the intervention team
to Koegel & Koegel (1996), a comprehensive intervention program
should motivate children to attempt difficult social and academic
tasks, teach children to respond to multiple complex cues, and
include children in regular education and community environments
effective and/or promising intervention models are available for
working with children with autism.
and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
studies support the efficacy of Intensive Behavioral Treatment,
based on its transferability to various settings outside the research
other programs are being used across the nation with limited data
on effectiveness. Teachers should carefully evaluate research
on the effectiveness of teaching strategies before implementing
programs in their classroom.