and Strategies for Positive Behavior:
School-Wide Programs & Strategies:
Effective Behavioral Supports
Effective behavioral support is a schoolwide approach to addressing
student behavior challenges and to increasing the development and
display of pro-social behaviors. EBS incorporates two important
ideas: 1) all school personnel (including community members who
work with students) must be aware of the school's behavioral expectations
and 2) all students need to know these expectations and possess
the prerequisite skills to meet these expectations in a predictable
environment where all adults provide consistent reinforcers. Intervention
and support for students is provided across multiple environments
including classrooms, common areas, and across the schoolwide setting.
Further, individualized interventions are an important component
within the EBS model. In a proactive approach to school-wide discipline
such as EBS, the following procedures are emphasized:
expectations are defined.
expectations are taught.
behaviors are acknowledged.
errors are corrected proactively.
evaluations and adaptations are made by a team.
student support systems are integrated with school-wide discipline
& Support Information
The Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions
and Supports (PBIS) has been established by the Office of Special
Education Programs, US Department of Education to give schools technical
assistance for identifying, adapting, and sustaining effective school-wide
disciplinary practices. In addition, a number of different school-wide
behavior support programs have been developed that incorporate many
of the principles highlighted here. Each of those models typically
provides training and technical assistance to schools interested
in implementing the model.
Positive Behavioral Interventions and
Support Technical Assistance Center
Behavioral Research and Training
5262 University of Oregon
Eugene, OF 97403-5262
Colvin, G., Kame'enui, E.J., & Sugai, G. (1993). School-wide
and classroom management: Reconceptualizing the integration and
management of students with behavior problems in general education.
Education and Treatment of Children, 16, 361-381.
G., & Horner, R. (1999). Discipline and behavioral support:
Practices, pitfalls, promises. Effective School Practices, 17(4),