and Strategies for Positive Behavior:
School-Wide Programs & Strategies:
Middle School and High School
A comprehensive program to improve the school environment and thereby
enhance students' experiences and attitudes about school. Project
PATHE attempts to increase student bonding to the school, enhance
students' self-concepts, and improve educational and occupational
attainment. This program is strengthened by its comprehensive coverage
and simultaneous focus on organizational and individual-level change.
The five major components of the program are:
student, and community participation in revising school policies
and designing and managing school change.
organizational changes aimed at increasing academic performance.
organizational changes aimed at enhancing school climate.
to prepare students for careers.
and affective services for high-risk youth.
change takes place through:
students, parents, and community members working together to design
and implement improvement programs.
weaknesses and discipline problems are diagnosed and strengthened
through innovative teaching techniques and student team learning,
as well as the development of clear, fair rules.
climate is enhanced through added extra-curricular activities,
peer counseling services, and school pride campaigns.
attainment is emphasized by adding job-seeking skills programs
and career exploration programs.
students receive additional monitoring, tutoring, and counseling
aimed at improving their self-concept, academic success, and bonds
to the social order.
& Support Information
The training for Project PATHE is provided over four days: two days
initially for the project director and an on-site evaluator, plus
two days for all project staff. Periodic follow-up training over
the life of the project is also expected. Project PATHE is a school
change program, not a curriculum or packaged product that is simply
"installed" in schools. Local educational leaders must
invest heavily in a program development and evaluation process to
design location-specific programs.
Dr. Denise Gottfredson
Dept. of Criminology and Criminal Justice
University of Maryland
2220D LeFrak Hall
College Park, MD 20742
Gottfredson, D. (1990). Changing school structures to benefit high-risk
youths. Understanding Troubled and troubling youth: Multidisciplinary
Perspectives. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
D. (1986). An empirical test of school-based environmental and individual
interventions to reduce the risk of delinquent behavior. Criminiology,