Intervention in Reading
by Early Intervention in Reading (EIR)
Established in 1989
Early Intervention in Reading Program
1517 Goodrich Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55105
Phone: (651) 695-1578
Fax: (651) 698-9405
Web site: http://www.eireading.com
Student Population Information
Age/grade levels of students: K-4
Applicability to students with disabilities: EIR is implemented
in urban, suburban, and rural schools. It has been used extensively
with second language learners, showing good results with Hmong
students. There is no data for students with disabilities.
Classroom program or School-wide program: Either
20-minute small group supplemental reading program taught
by the classroom teacher to a group of five to seven readers
who have displayed difficulty in reading.
program focuses on children's enjoyment of literature, discussion
of stories related to their lives, creative dramatics, and
development of phonemic segmentation.
grades one and two, a three-day cycle of activities includes
repeated reading of a story, working with words/phonics instruction,
phonemic awareness training, coaching for comprehension, guided
sentence writing to enhance phonemic awareness and understanding
of the alphabetic principle, coaching on the use of word recognition
strategies to foster independence, and one-on-one reading
grades three and four, a five-day cycle of activities includes
repeated reading, decoding multi-syllabic words, coaching
for comprehension, and writing to enhance comprehension. Forth
and fifth graders also serve as reading buddies to first and
second grade EIR students once a week.
The nine month teacher training must start in the Fall and
continue through the Spring. The teachers should meet for
two hours once a month to review the program in large and
small groups. There are two types of training offered:
traditional, face-to-face approach with an introductory
workshop and follow-up sessions.
non-traditional approach utilizing the Internet for follow-up
sessions. The internet-based training program includes
interactive, multi-media presentations.
staff development sessions, conference calls, and site
visits are provided by EIR trainers to help teachers refine
the coaching they provide to students.
Trainers observe the implementation of the various components
of the program and remains in contact with the local on-site
visits by an EIR trainer for observations in the classrooms
can be arranged at an additional cost.
a study involving over 100 schools over eight years, 80
percent of first graders at risk of reading failure who
participated in the EIR Program are reading independently
at the end of first grade, and reading on grade level
in the second grade.
a four-year study in Massachusetts, students receiving
EIR instruction outperformed students who did not receive
EIR instruction on all seven measures developed for the
study (letter name identification, letter sound identification,
segmenting sounds, blending sounds, dictation skills,
production of additional words, and word reading skills).
is used in suburban, rural, and inner-city schools, although
results in inner-city schools have not been as dramatic.
recommends that schools have the latest hardware and software
capabilities, such as an ethernet connection because of the
numerous video clip demonstrations.
procedure are available on-line, and many of the training
materials can be downloaded from the Internet.
has been approved for inclusion in the Northwest Regional
Education Laboratory's Catalog of School Reform Models.
$500-$1,200 per participating teacher for the first year,
depending on the number of teachers in a cohort and the number
of on-site visits arranged with the EIR trainer. If a district
takes over EIR training, costs to train new cohorts of teachers
decrease in year two and three.
seven copies of 36-40 titles at the appropriate EIR levels
will be needed. Using the EIR recommended books, a set per
teacher per grade is as follows (with a 20% discount):
Kindergarten - $183.50
1 - $425.24 (summary version)
1 - $824.20 (no summary version)
2 - $785.18
3 - $475.04
4 - $503.70
B.M. (1995). The Early Intervention in Reading Program:
Results and Issues Spanning Six Years. Paper presented
at the annual meeting of the American Educational Reading
Association, San Francisco.
B.M. (1998a). 1997-1998 K-2 Literacy Initiative Evaluation:
Executive Summary. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
B.M. (1998b). Grades 3 / 4 1997-1998 EIR Results in Moundsview.
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, unpublished.
B.M. (1999). EIR 1996-1997 EIR Kindergarten Results. Minneapolis:
University of Minnesota, unpublished.
B.M., Frye, B.J., Short, R.A., & Shearer, B. (1992).
Classroom teachers prevent reading failure among low-achieving
first-grade students. The Reading Teacher, (45) 592-597.
B.M., Hanson, B.E., Justice-Swanson, K., and Watts, S.M.
(1997). Helping struggling readers' linking small-group
intervention with cross-age tutoring. The Reading Teacher,
D. (1997). Final Evaluation Report. AY 1996-1997 Early
Reading Intervention Project of Springfield Public Schools,
Springfield, Massachusetts. Austin: University of Texas.
722 Mill Bay Road
Kodiak, AK 99615
Contact: Delany Smith
Demographics: rural; 43% minority; 25% receiving free lunch
2070 County Road H
New Brighton, MN 55112-1586
Contact: Ceil Critchley
Demographics: suburban; 10-15% minority, 37% receiving free
If you send an email description of your school, EIR will
send schools that participate in their program to contact
that are similar in terms of types of setting (urban, suburban,
rural), minority enrollment, and percent of students on subsidized
lunch. Contact email@example.com
Intervention in Reading
Institute of Multi-Sensory Education
Lexia Reading Software
Language Tune-Up Kit