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Models and Classroom Instruction

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Reading Instruction for Students with Disabilities


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Models and Classroom Instruction
Text Adaptation

Text adaptation is a technique that can be used with many reading comprehension interventions programs. Simply, it involves making changes to or adding to an existing text in order to make it more comprehensible for students with or without disabilities. There are three forms of text adaptation:

  • Text Modification: Factors in a text that are identified as contributing to comprehension difficulties are modified to make the text more "considerate" for students.

  • Text Circumvention: This method replaces existing material. Successful circumvention involves rewriting text, using tape-recorded texts, listening to texts, and integrated computer applications to enhance comprehension. Studies show that circumventing text by spending more time on some kind of interactive instruction activity prior to reading, is effective, but this also requires creativity and time.

  • Text Supplementation materials: Materials that supplement, but do not replace text, are fairly effective and include organizational materials with visual/spatial features, graphic and non-graphic aids, semantic-feature analyses, and concept diagrams.

Instructional Grouping
Strategy Instruction
Direct Instruction

Text Adaptation

 

 


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