Kids to Think About How They Learn
from ages 7-11, a child will begin the process of organizing thoughts
and processes into classes and systems that will be used in problem
solving strategies and study skills. Enhancing a child's study skills
is enhancing his acquisition of metacognition.
is "knowledge of one's knowledge, processes, and cognitive
and affective states; and the ability to consciously and deliberatley
monitor and regulate one's knowledge, processes, and cognitive and
affective states." In more general terms, metacognition is
the awareness of the acquisition of mental organization skills,
and the ability to apply these organization and recognition skills.
notion of self-efficacy is intrinsic in the acquisition of metacognitive
skills. A child who believes he is "bad at math problems"
will be singificantly slower in acquiring the ability to apply new
formulae and organize problems in order to solve math problems.
A student with little motivation to attempt to solve the problems
will be even less motivated to monitor, realize, and properly apply
techniques to solve problems.
is essential in teaching study skills
seem unanimous -- the most effective learners are self- regulating."
Students must be able to accurately reflect on what they do and
don't know, and how they would approach solving new organization
problems. Studies have shown that once a child is able to come up
with his own way of organizing items for study, he will achieve
far greater results on tests (in reading, writing, math, science,
bilingual education, test prediction, etc.). It is therefore imperative
that effective study skills, with metacognition as the goal, be
taught and monitored to children so that they may become more facile
with finding unique problem-solving strategies in the future.
on the bibliography link below to find more resources on metacognition
and problem solving, to answer more specific questions on metacognition,
and/or to get general background on the concept of metacognition.