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ESL iconRelated Information

English Language Learners with Special Needs: Identification, Placement, and Instruction. This book, by Alfredo J. Artiles and Alba A. Ortiz, (Editors) describes the challenges involved in identifying, placing, and teaching English language learners with special education needs. It describes model programs and approaches, including early intervention programs, assessment methods, parent/school collaboration, and native and dual language instruction. All students deserve the best possible education, that meets their individual needs and capitalizes on their strengths. This book will take us a long way toward achieving that goal.
Order Toll-Free from Delta Systems:
Tel: 800-323-8270
Fax: 800 909-9901

PRACTICES FOR ENGLISH-LANGUAGE LEARNERS: An Overview of Instructional Practices for English-Language Learners: Prominent Themes and Future Directions, by Russell Gersten and Scott Baker (Eugene Research Institute/University of Oregon) is available at:

Preventing Inappropriate Referrals of Language Minority Students to Special Education
This article, by Shernaz B. Garcia and Alba A. Ortiz at the University of Texas at Austin, deals with topics such as teacher perceptions, exposure to curriculum, instruction motivation, and students' experiental background.

Maldonado-Colon, E. (1999, Fall). Models using literature as a vehicle for instruction of second language learners with disabilities: successful interventions. DDEL News, 9, 6-7.

Gersten, R., & Baker, S. (2000). What we know about effective instructional practices for English-language learners. Exceptional Children, 66(4), 454-470.

Gersten, R., & Jiménez, R. (1994). A delicate balance: Enhancing literacy instruction for students of English as a second language. The Reading Teacher, 47 (6), 438-449.

Gersten, R., & Jiménez, R. (Eds.) (1998). Promoting learning for culturally and linguistically diverse students: Classroom applications from contemporary research. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.


ESL iconRelated Organizations


Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) http://www.tesol.org/

Cross Cultural Development Education Services (CCDES)
This organization provides technical assistance, training, and books and materials for use in today's classrooms. Their training includes hands-on practical strategies and techniques for working effectively with ESL and bilingual students.

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ESL iconRelated Sites

National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs
This clearinghouse, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of English Language Acquisition and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students (OELA), has an excellent searchable collection of research and resources on ESL/bilingual education.

ESL Online Directory of Resources
The National Clearinghouse for Bilingual
Education and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics have created a searchable online directory of over 300 ESL resources. This directory is meant to be an online guide to the most useful ESL resources primarily for ESL administrators, teachers, and students, though other groups, such as administrators, business people, researchers, and parents, will also find them useful.

Everything ESL Net
Resources for ESL, bilingual and classroom teachers working with K-12 language minority students. Resources include inservice ideas and strategies, content based lesson
plans, downloadable activities, tips on classroom resources, interactive discussion boards, and more!

ESL Cafe
For ESL/EFL Students and Teachers from Around the World

Randall's ESL Cyber Listening Lab
Designed for both ESL/EFL students and teachers around the world. Registered members can chat in several different rooms, create their own unique profiles for others to look at, find pen friends via the WebBoard, and more.

Teachers.Net -- ESL Chatboard/EFL Chatboard
Enjoy the threaded discussion at this ESL/EFL Chatboard of the Teachers.Net site. It's a great resource in which anyone can contribute to on-going discussions related to ESL/EFL.

ESL Applications for Hispanic Deaf Students http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/miscpubs/nabe/brj/v19n34/19_34_gerner.htm

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